Hypothyroidism, also known as insufficient TSH, occurs when the thyroid produces insufficient amounts of them.
The thyroid, situated in the neck, produces two TSH: Triiodothyronine and thyroxine. TSH control how the body happens to use and store energy. These hormones help also the heart, brain, muscles, and rest of the organs work correctly.
The pituitary gland that is at the ground of the brain controls thyroid function by producing TSH. This indications the thyroid to make T3 as well as T4. The thyroid produces much more T4 than T3. But the body can convert T4 to T3, the most active hormone, as needed.
What is the treatment for hypothyroidism?
People with hypothyroidism should take a pill that contains synthetic thyroid hormone every day to replace the one they lack.
It may take a while to determine the proper dose of thyroid hormone. Your doctor will base the starting dose on your weight, age, and medical conditions. Post six to eight weeks, doctor will do tests to check the level of hormones in your blood. If necessary, the amount of hormones you take will change until tests show that you are taking the correct amount.
Some groups of patients with hypothyroidism require careful thyroid hormone dosage adjustments:
People over 60 may need a lower dose than younger people. Dosage adjustments should be very gradual to avoid heart and other problems.
Women will probably need to change their thyroid hormone dose during pregnancy.
Babies, children and adolescents should have gradual dose changes and frequent medical examinations. They need a lower dose of a version of levothyroxinethan adults, as it is based in part on their weight.
Significant information regarding the types of thyroid hormone tablets
Levothyroxine happens to be sold in generic and brand-name versions. Different types of tablets can have dissimilar ingredients, yet when the dose of the hormone is the same. These dissimilarities can disturb the manner the body engrosses thyroid hormone. Occasionally changes in the type of pill – for example going from brand to general or from generic to generic – can lead to a change in the dose of the hormone. Taking too little or too much thyroid hormone can cause health problems. Make sure each time you fill your prescription that you are taking the same type of pill.