Understanding Manipur Weather: Hailstorm Alerts and Precautions


Manipur, a northeastern state of India, is known for its diverse culture, beautiful landscapes, and unique weather patterns. The state experiences a subtropical climate with monsoon influences, characterized by hot and humid summers, cool and dry winters, and heavy rainfall during the monsoon season. However, one weather phenomenon that poses a threat to the region is hailstorms. These natural weather events can wreak havoc on crops, property, and even human lives if not anticipated and managed properly.

Overview of Manipur Weather

Manipur experiences a moderate climate throughout the year, with temperatures ranging from 23°C to 32°C during summers and 2°C to 16°C during winters. The region is a part of the South Asian monsoon system, receiving the bulk of its annual rainfall during the Southwest monsoon season, from May to September. The state’s hilly terrain and the presence of the Barak River influence its weather patterns, making it susceptible to variations and extreme events like hailstorms.

Understanding Hailstorms

Hailstorms are meteorological events characterized by heavy rainfall accompanied by solid pieces of ice known as hailstones. These icy projectiles form within powerful thunderstorm clouds as supercooled water droplets freeze upon coming into contact with dust or other particles in the atmosphere. When these hailstones become too heavy for the updrafts in the storm to support, they fall to the ground, causing damage upon impact.

Hailstorm Alerts in Manipur

The Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) issues weather alerts and warnings for hailstorms in Manipur and other regions across the country. These alerts are essential for residents, farmers, and authorities to take necessary precautions and mitigate potential risks associated with hailstorms. It is crucial to stay informed through weather updates on television, radio, or mobile applications during the hailstorm season.

Precautionary Measures for Hailstorms

1. Stay Indoors and Seek Shelter

During a hailstorm, it is safest to remain indoors and away from windows to avoid injury from flying debris. Seek shelter in a sturdy building until the storm subsides.

2. Protect Vehicles

Park your vehicles in a garage or under a sturdy shelter to prevent damage from hailstones. If shelter is not available, use car covers or blankets to minimize dents and scratches.

3. Secure Outdoor Items

Secure outdoor furniture, equipment, and other loose items that may become projectiles in strong winds. Bring them indoors or anchor them securely to prevent damage.

4. Stay Informed

Stay tuned to local weather updates and warnings issued by the authorities. Follow their instructions and be prepared to take action based on the severity of the hailstorm alert.

Impact of Hailstorms in Manipur

Hailstorms can have significant economic repercussions in Manipur, especially on agriculture, as the state heavily relies on farming for its economy. Crops such as rice, maize, and vegetables are vulnerable to hail damage, leading to yield losses and financial strain on farmers. Furthermore, infrastructure and property damage caused by hail impact can result in costly repairs and disruptions in daily life.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) about Manipur Weather and Hailstorms

1. When is the peak season for hailstorms in Manipur?

Hailstorms are most common in Manipur during the pre-monsoon season, especially in the months of March and April.

2. Can hailstorms cause injuries to humans?

Yes, hailstones falling at high speeds during a hailstorm can cause injuries to humans, especially if they are caught outside without shelter.

3. How can farmers protect their crops during a hailstorm?

Farmers can use hail nets, erect temporary shelters, or insurance to protect their crops from hail damage.

4. Are there early warning systems for hailstorms in Manipur?

The IMD provides weather alerts and warnings for hailstorms, enabling residents to prepare and take precautions in advance.

5. Is climate change impacting the frequency of hailstorms in Manipur?

There is ongoing research on the link between climate change and extreme weather events like hailstorms, which may impact their frequency and severity in Manipur.

In conclusion, understanding Manipur’s weather patterns, especially the risks associated with hailstorms, is crucial for residents and authorities to take proactive measures for safety and preparedness. By staying informed, following precautionary guidelines, and implementing necessary interventions, the impact of hailstorms on lives and livelihoods in Manipur can be minimized. Stay safe, stay informed, and stay prepared for any weather challenges that may come your way in this beautiful northeastern state of India.


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