Uncover the Mysteries of Vaidik Ganit: Ancient Indian Mathematics



Vaidik Ganit, also known as Vedic Mathematics, is an ancient Indian system of mathematics that has gained popularity in recent years for its simplicity and efficiency in solving complex mathematical problems. This system, which dates back to around 1500-1200 BCE, is based on a set of 16 Sutras (aphorisms) and 13 sub-sutras that cover a wide range of mathematical operations. In this article, we will delve into the mysteries of Vaidik Ganit, exploring its history, principles, techniques, and applications.

History of Vaidik Ganit

Vaidik Ganit finds its roots in the Atharvaveda, one of the four Vedas, ancient Indian scriptures. The system was later compiled and popularized by Bharati Krishna Tirthaji Maharaj in the early 20th century. Tirthaji claimed that the techniques of Vedic Mathematics were derived from the Vedas themselves, although this claim has been a subject of debate among scholars.

Principles of Vedic Mathematics

At the core of Vaidik Ganit are the 16 Sutras and 13 sub-sutras, which serve as principles or strategies for solving mathematical problems. These sutras cover a wide range of mathematical operations, including addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, square roots, cube roots, algebraic equations, calculus, and more.

Some of the key sutras in Vedic Mathematics include:

  1. Ekadhikena Purvena (By One More Than the Previous One): This sutra is used for multiplication of numbers that are one less than a base. For example, to multiply 9 by 8, you multiply 8 by 8 and add 1 to get 72.

  2. Anurupyena (Proportionately): This sutra is used for finding squares of numbers that are near a base. For example, to find the square of 26, which is close to the base 25, you calculate 26-25=1 and 26+25=51. Then, add 1 to 25 to get 26 and multiply 1 by 51 to get 51, the square of 26.

  3. Nikhilam Navatashcaramam Dashatah (All from 9 and the Last from 10): This sutra is used for subtraction. For example, to subtract 893 from 1000, subtract each digit from 9 and the last digit from 10 to get 107.

Techniques of Vedic Mathematics

Vedic Mathematics employs a mental calculation system that allows for quick and efficient computation without the need for pen and paper. Some of the key techniques used in Vaidik Ganit include:

  1. Vertically and Crosswise: This technique is used for multiplication of large numbers by breaking them into smaller parts and performing crosswise addition.

  2. Casting Out Nines: This technique is used to verify the correctness of arithmetic operations by checking the remainder when the sum of digits is divided by 9.

  3. Squaring Numbers Ending in 5: To square numbers ending in 5, you multiply the remaining digits by the next number and then append 25 to the result.

Applications of Vedic Mathematics

Vaidik Ganit has a wide range of practical applications in various fields, including mathematics education, mental mathematics, competitive exams, computer science, and even in fields like trigonometry and calculus. The simplicity and efficiency of Vedic Mathematics techniques make them valuable in situations where quick calculations are required.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

  1. Is Vedic Mathematics only for advanced mathematicians?
    No, Vedic Mathematics is designed to be simple and accessible to everyone, from students to professionals. It aims to make mathematical calculations faster and easier for all.

  2. Can Vedic Mathematics be used in modern education systems?
    Yes, Vedic Mathematics can be integrated into modern education systems to supplement traditional methods and enhance students’ understanding of mathematical concepts.

  3. Are the claims of Vedic Mathematics being derived from the Vedas proven?
    The assertion that Vedic Mathematics is directly derived from the Vedas remains a subject of debate among scholars and historians. While some believe in its ancient origins, others argue that its connection to the Vedas is not well-founded.

  4. How can practicing Vedic Mathematics improve mental calculation skills?
    Regular practice of Vaidik Ganit techniques can enhance mental calculation skills by training the mind to perform arithmetic operations quickly and accurately without the need for external aids.

  5. Are there any disadvantages to using Vedic Mathematics techniques?
    While Vedic Mathematics offers efficient methods for calculation, some critics argue that relying solely on these techniques may hinder students’ understanding of underlying mathematical principles.


In conclusion, Vaidik Ganit, or Vedic Mathematics, stands as a testament to the ingenuity of ancient Indian mathematicians. By harnessing the power of 16 Sutras and 13 sub-sutras, this mathematical system offers a unique approach to solving complex problems with ease and efficiency. While its historical origins may be subject to debate, the practical applications and utility of Vedic Mathematics in today’s world are undeniable. By exploring the mysteries of Vaidik Ganit and embracing its principles, one can unlock a world of mathematical possibilities and enhance their computational skills in remarkable ways.


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